As H.G Wells, had rightly said, ”The beauty is in the eye of the beholder”
Indeed the eyes are the most important part of our body that enables us to unlock the beauty of nature. Most of us suffer from some or the other medical complications and discomfort related to vision that requires consultation and treatment from an expert eye specialist. Minor issues are often resolved with glasses, eye drops or mild medication. But, several of them need a surgical approach to resolve them for good or for better convenience.
Read more – 20 Fun Facts About the Human Eye
Here we present 5 most common eye surgery procedures that are prevalent.
1. LASIK and PRK Surgery
These are both surgical procedures to correct vision. Undergoing this surgery enables the individual to have good visuals even without their glasses and lenses. It uses the laser to reshape the cornea to correct vision, in case of the prior procedure and is somewhat similar in the later one as well. Both these procedures are done usually on an outpatient basis and are highly effective.
2. Cataract Surgery
Cataract is the natural cloudy formation over the lens that makes the vision blurry and dull. It is quite common in aged patient, but some young individuals are developing them these days as well. Cataract surgery is carried out by emulsifying the natural lens and replacing it with an artificial one. It is mostly an outpatient procedure.
3. Glaucoma Surgery
Glaucoma hampers vision significantly as it damages the optic nerve of the eye. It often leads to excessive build-up pressure in the eye and eventually towards blindness. There are two surgery procedures, laser, and conventional glaucoma surgery. Patients can resume their routine life in a matter of days.
4. Diabetic Retinopathy Surgery
It is prevalent among individuals who are suffering from diabetes and their fluctuating blood sugar is affecting their vision, by damaging blood cells of the eyes. It is often closely related to the formation of the floaters as well. Usually, a laser surgery is done to prevent swelling in the eye and promote new blood vessels in it.
5. Macular Degenerative Surgery
Macula of the eye enables focus on the details for the vision. It breaks down and hampers vision upon aging. The laser light is used to destroy unwanted blood cells and the surgery is often the outpatient type and might need to follow up procedures to address it more efficiently.
As we are observing World Sight Day, let’s pledge to take care of our vision. Any discomfort related to the vision must be addressed to a reliable eye specialist. Coincidentally, as we are also in between celebrating this puja festival, it would be incomplete to mention that goddess Durga has 3 eyes, but not we. So, let’s preserve both our eyes and vision.
What is Night Blindness?
With the word blindness, one might think of complete blindness after it is dark, well, that’s the whole myth. Night Blindness is a condition where a person is unable to see things clearly at dark or may face difficulties in seeing things in the dark. It is also called ‘nyctalopia’.
Though some category of night blindness can be treated with a proper diet and medication, some require surgery and there are some which cannot be treated at all. It’s better to consult an Eye specialist, that doing anything by one’s own self so that one can take necessary steps for its treatment.
What are the causes of Night Blindness?
Night Blindness can be caused due to various reason. The most common causes of night blindness are discussed below:
- Vitamin A Deficiency: We all have studied this during our school day. The deficit of Vitamin A causes or leads a person towards night blindness. Vitamin A, also called retinol, plays a role in transforming nerve impulses into images in the retina. The retina is a light-sensitive area in the back of your eye. Prescribe nutritional diet can help to restore the condition back to normal if diagnosed at the initial stage.
- Genetic Disorder: Like many other genetic factors, a person might also inherit disorder such as night-blindness. Usher syndrome, which is another related genetic condition that affects both hearing and vision.
- Abetalipoproteinemia: This is an inherited condition where a body may not absorb the required necessary nutrition from the food, which later may cause the deficiency of vitamins and minerals which will result in first cause mentioned above.
- Cataract: It is a condition of eye lenses were a dense cloudy appearance stands between the person and the clear vision. It develops slowly and eventually interferes with your vision. You might end up with cataracts in both eyes, but they usually don’t form at the same time. Cataracts are common in older people above 70 years.
- Diabetic retinopathy: It is a condition that occurs as a result of damage to the blood vessels of the retina in people who have diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy can develop if you have type 1 or 2 diabetes and a long history of uncontrolled high blood sugar levels. It might also result in total sight loss if remained untreated.