A hernia is an abnormal bulge in the affected area that occurs when the organ or fatty tissues comes out through a weak muscle opening. Hernias are painful and if left unaddressed or untreated can become serious and dangerous (a hernia can strangulate and even burst that leads to grave consequences).
Hernia repair surgery is the ultimate and preferable hernia treatment by the doctors. Most people are not familiar with the different types of hernia. So, we thought to acquaint you with 4 different hernia types for your awareness.
Here are different and common types of hernia
1. Inguinal Hernia
In case of inguinal hernia, a part of the intestine exists through a weak opening in the abdominal muscles. Some symptoms of inguinal hernia are as follows:
Pain in the groin area while coughing and lifting anything
A visible bulge in the groin area
Swollen and painful scrotum or testicles in men.
2. Incisional Hernia
Incisional Hernia occurs due to an unhealed surgical wound of abdominal surgery. The symptoms of an incisional hernia include:
Redness and swelling in the bulge
Nausea and vomiting.
3. Umbilical Hernia
This type of hernia is commonly found in new-born babies but that does not mean adults do not encounter umbilical hernia at all. An umbilical hernia is formed in the belly button due to protrusion of an organ or fatty tissues. A few symptoms related to this hernia are as shown below:
Painful and discoloured bulge
Pain in the abdomen.
4. Hiatal Hernia
If the upper part of your stomach exits from its assigned spot and enters into the chest cavity, then it’s known as a hiatal hernia. A hiatal hernia happens due to various reasons like injury or certain surgeries, obesity, old age and abnormal hiatus. The symptoms of hiatal hernia are the following:
- Difficulty swallowing food
- Acid reflux
- Regurgitation or vomiting
- Chest pain
- Abdominal pain
- Constant belching or burping
- Vomiting blood
- Black stools.
There are many more types of hernia but these 4 types are quite common. A hernia cannot be left on its own and should be taken seriously. We offer general and laparoscopic hernia treatment to our patients with this condition. We are one of the best hospitals in Kolkata due to our perfect infrastructure, expert medical team and the latest facilities.
You surely must have felt acidity burps from time to time. It happens due to the backflow of the stomach acid into the digestive tract. It is not uncommon for people to experience, once in a while as it is quite natural and needs no treatment to resolve it. But when it becomes chronic, it’s medically termed as GERD. It an acronym for gastroesophageal reflux disease. It is crucial to seek treatment for the same form an expert gastroenterologist on time to mitigate the risk of having any complications arising from it. Let’s have a look at it, in brief.
What is GERD?
It is a digestive disease that affects the muscle of the lower portion of the esophagus that leads towards the stomach. Under normal condition, the Lowest Esophageal Sphincter (LES) connects the esophagus to the stomach and passes the food forwards. In the case of GERD, this LES is either very weak or function abnormally, causing the backflow.
It pushes the contents of the stomach towards the upper esophagus. It can lead to persistent heartburn and acid indigestion, if left untreated.
What are the Symptoms of GERD?
The particular symptoms might vary from person to person, but some of the most common symptoms are as follows-
- Heartburn, that is the presence of burning sensation in the chest (which might worsen at night or after meals)
- Difficulty swallowing, even if you are intaking easily palatable food
- Chest pain, which is otherwise unexplainable
- Chronic cough or presence of cough at the back of the mouth,
- Regurgitation of sour liquid in the mouth
- The sensation of a lump in the throat
- On setting of asthma, or worsening of asthma
- Disrupted sleep cycle, persistently
Presence of 3 or more of these symptoms should be checked by gastroenterologist to see if it is due to GERD.
Risk Factors of GERD
Though anyone gets diagnosed with GERD, there are certain risk factors associated with it. Risk factors are any aspect that enhances the chances of any disease. Some of the most common risk factors for GERD are as follows.
- Weakened lower esophageal sphincter
- Obesity or prolonged overweight
- Hiatal hernia (a bulge protruding from the stomach into diaphragm)
- Routinely staying hungry for long
There are certainly other factors that aggravate the GRED. These include
- Chain smoking, particularly over a longer period
- Eating much larger meals (which leads to more secretion of digestive enzymes)
- Eating very late at night
- Persistently taking certain medications like aspirin
- Drinking certain beverages, like alcohol, coffee or other caffeine-loaded drinks
- Eating a certain kind of food, like highly processed, or fried food.
If you have 3 or more of the above-mentioned risk factors, you should watch out for the symptoms, in case they ever happen.
What is the best Treatment for GERD?
The everyday discomfort of GERD can be managed effectively with over the counter drugs and lifestyle change. However, in case hiatal hernia is the reason for the GERD, hernia surgery is needed to resolve the hernia, which also helps to resolve GERD.
Pregnancy is joyous news for every parent-to-be. However, it might bring several complications, either during pregnancy or after childbirth. Being in touch with best maternity hospitals will ensure that you can deal with these complications, effectively. However, some complications such as hernia can surface at any point in time, during or even after pregnancy period. Before understanding their connection, let’s understand what a hernia is.
What Is A Hernia?
A hernia is a medical condition in which a portion of the intestine or internal tissue pushes through the outer membrane. This can happen to any individual, however, there are many risks facts that makes its occurrence more likely. These risk factors include previous surgery or injury, previous hernia, pregnancy, obesity, and many others. Though hernia is not life-threatening in its early stages, it can lead to a severe complication, if it is left untreated for long.
How Pregnancy And Hernia Are Related
A hernia can lead to extra pressure built up in the abdomen, which is inevitable during pregnancy. Thus, there is always some chances of developing hernia for women during pregnancy. The protruded belly button during pregnancy mostly resolves after childbirth. However, many a time, it stills stays protruded as a warning sign of a hernia in the near future.
Though even a single pregnancy is a risk factor of hernia, the chances increase with multiple babies, as twins, triplet or more will, obviously exert more abdominal pressure. Moreover, having multiple pregnancies uplift the chances of hernia, particularity if the previous baby was born with the help of cesarean delivery.
Many a time, a hernia can bulge during labor as well. It is particularly true for a natural birth, as the pregnant women need to exert Herculean amount of pressure to deliver the baby. This push can also prompt a hernia simultaneously or pretty soon enough.
When Can Hernia Occur, After Pregnancy?
Sometime a hernia can appear soon after birth, or even during pregnancy. But is might onset after quite some time after childbirth. Sometimes, the hernia is a result of secondary factors such as long-term weight gain after pregnancy as well. Nevertheless, the risks of having hernia are associated with previous childbirth.
What Should Be Done?
Though neither every pregnancy leads to hernia nor every hernia occurs due to pregnancy, they are sometimes interrelated. This is why every woman who gave birth in the past should be aware of even the minute changes in their body. A visible lump should be treated as a hernia. A thorough, physical examination is often adequate to determine its nature.
Hernia treatment usually comprises of hernia repair surgery itself. This surgical procedure pushes the protrusion back in the cavity and stitches the site close. In some cases, if the opening is quite big, the surgeon uses a surgical mesh to mitigate the possibility of hernia in the future.
ILS Hospitals offers quality hernia treatment to resolve it permanently for good. For more information, visit us today!