A hernia is an abnormal bulge in the affected area that occurs when the organ or fatty tissues comes out through a weak muscle opening. Hernias are painful and if left unaddressed or untreated can become serious and dangerous (a hernia can strangulate and even burst that leads to grave consequences).
Hernia repair surgery is the ultimate and preferable hernia treatment by the doctors. Most people are not familiar with the different types of hernia. So, we thought to acquaint you with 4 different hernia types for your awareness.
Here are different and common types of hernia
1. Inguinal Hernia
In case of inguinal hernia, a part of the intestine exists through a weak opening in the abdominal muscles. Some symptoms of inguinal hernia are as follows:
Pain in the groin area while coughing and lifting anything
A visible bulge in the groin area
Swollen and painful scrotum or testicles in men.
2. Incisional Hernia
Incisional Hernia occurs due to an unhealed surgical wound of abdominal surgery. The symptoms of an incisional hernia include:
Redness and swelling in the bulge
Nausea and vomiting.
3. Umbilical Hernia
This type of hernia is commonly found in new-born babies but that does not mean adults do not encounter umbilical hernia at all. An umbilical hernia is formed in the belly button due to protrusion of an organ or fatty tissues. A few symptoms related to this hernia are as shown below:
Painful and discoloured bulge
Pain in the abdomen.
4. Hiatal Hernia
If the upper part of your stomach exits from its assigned spot and enters into the chest cavity, then it’s known as a hiatal hernia. A hiatal hernia happens due to various reasons like injury or certain surgeries, obesity, old age and abnormal hiatus. The symptoms of hiatal hernia are the following:
- Difficulty swallowing food
- Acid reflux
- Regurgitation or vomiting
- Chest pain
- Abdominal pain
- Constant belching or burping
- Vomiting blood
- Black stools.
There are many more types of hernia but these 4 types are quite common. A hernia cannot be left on its own and should be taken seriously. We offer general and laparoscopic hernia treatment to our patients with this condition. We are one of the best hospitals in Kolkata due to our perfect infrastructure, expert medical team and the latest facilities.
In case you have an infant baby at home, you are probably losing good night’s sleep to feed them, change their diapers and stroke them to sleep while they are crying. This is natural and when they will grow up, you can set back in your routine sleeping schedules. But while they cry, do you often notice a small lump near their belly button? If yes, then you need to pay more attention to the same, as it is likely to be a case of umbilical hernia.
Even though your baby is having a hernia in infancy, it does not mean that you should be scared or panic. Having a hernia is not a threat and it is more common than you might think. 1 to 2 out of every 10 babies has an umbilical hernia. An umbilical hernia is nothing but a condition, in which some portion of the abdomen (fat, intestine, etc) pushes through the layer of the stomach, usually near the navel region. This happens when the muscles and tissues around the umbilical cord fail to close after birth (as they ideally do for most babies).
Usually, a hernia can develop anytime before the child is 6 months old and there are high chances that it will be resolved on its own by the time the child reaches the age of 2 years. However, many a time, you need to have a hernia treatment as well as surgery to get it fixed. This is applicable if,
- You child visibility seems to be in pain due to the hernia.
- The hernia does not resolve on its own, even when the child reaches the age 2 or more.
- The hernia is quite big.
- The hernia keeps growing in size with time.
You can consider hernia treatment before the child reaches the age 5 to ensure it does not create any hindrance in their path of study and normal life.
It has been found more common in babies with low birth weight or premature birth, but it can happen to any child in general. In case you find a lump near the belly button of your infant, get it checked from a pediatrician. Though they might not need surgery, it is crucial to keep tracks of its size and symptoms with time. ILS Hospitals have expert pediatricians to help your child lead a healthy life ahead.