Juvenile diabetes or simply called diabetes in children is on the rise today. It was earlier believed to be the disease effecting only the elderly. But now it is found in children and younger people as well.
Diabetes – two types – Type 1 and Type 2. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not make insulin while in type 2 diabetes, the body does not make sufficient insulin or does not use the produced insulin effectively. Significantly, type 1 diabetes is more common in children.
The primary cause of juvenile diabetes is genetics. Let’s discuss the symptoms of diabetes in children.
Increased hunger and thirst
Sudden weight loss
Although symptoms are enough to prove diabetes mellitus in children but for proper confirmation, certain diagnostic tests are recommended by the paediatric diabetologist. So, the question arises, what are the diagnostic tests performed to confirm juvenile diabetes.
The diagnostic tests for diagnosing diabetes in children are as follows:
Blood Sugar Test (both fasting and random)
Glycated Haemoglobin (A1C) Test
Diabetes treatment in children as generally prescribed by the paediatric diabetologist includes the following:
Regular monitoring of blood sugar levels
Changes in diet and lifestyle.
We believe prevention to be always better than cure. Is there any way to prevent diabetes in children? Sure, there are many ways you can prevent your children from getting diabetes. Some of them are as follows:
Encouraging them to be more active
Feeding them healthy meals
Cutting back on their sugar intake.
For a healthy body, we need an adequate amount of carbohydrates, protein, good fats, vitamins and minerals. There are different kind of vitamins that perform different functions in our body. Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala, will enlighten you about different vitamins and their importance in the human body.
Vitamin A is crucial for healthy vision and preventing night blindness. This vitamin also helps in fostering cell development, healthy bones and teeth. Vitamin A ensures good reproductive health and allows the other organs like kidney, heart and lungs to function properly.
Best food sources: Eggs, fish, carrots, dairy products, spinach, pumpkin etc.
Vitamin B helps in the body’s metabolism and cell development. There are different types of vitamin B, each performing their own functions. Let’s talk about a few here.
Vitamin B9 (Folic Acid or Folate): Vitamin B9 converts food into energy and is vital for pregnant women to help prevent congenital defects. Folate can be derived from natural food sources (eggs, fish, beans, peas and so on) while folic acid, being a synthetic form is consumed in the form of pills.
Biotin (also called Vitamin B7, B8 and Vitamin H): Biotin maintains the body’s metabolism and improves the health of skin, hair, and nails. Best food sources for biotin are egg yolks, soybeans and fish, sweet potatoes, chicken liver, whole grains, etc.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): Vitamin B12 helps in the formation of red blood cells, DNA, RNA and myelin. This vitamin prevents congenital defects, memory loss and depression.
Best food sources: Vitamin B12 is present in almost all animal products, like eggs, milk, seafood, and meat.
Vitamin C repairs the body tissues and strengthens the immune system. It fosters the wound healing process and protects cells from any damage.
Best food sources: All citrus fruits, cauliflower, capsicum, papaya etc.
Vitamin D ensures healthy bones by allowing the body to absorb calcium, maintains phosphorus levels in the blood and reduces depression.
Best food sources: Egg yolks, cod liver oil, fatty fishes, mushrooms, milk and milk products.
Vitamin E prevents cell damage, heart diseases and inflammation. It is best for promoting good vision, healthy hair and skin.
Best food sources: Almonds, peanuts, walnuts, olive oil, sunflower oil, dried apricots etc.
Vitamin K helps in blood clotting, prevents osteoporosis, tooth decay and certain diseases.
Best food sources: Soybeans, egg yolks, chicken, cabbage, spinach and pumpkin.
We hope you found this blog informative. Hospitals in Agartala and Kolkata is always available to give you good medical service.
COVID-19 is a highly communicable disease, hence both the central and state government took the right initiative to flatten the curve – lockdown. The government is doing what it can during this medical emergency but we as a citizen of civil society must follow the rules and regulations dictated by the government for our and everyone else’s safety.
Today, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Agartala and Kolkata will discuss the importance of following rules and regulations laid by the government. Firstly, we do not have a perfect cure for COVID-19, secondly, there’s a lot more undiscovered about this newly mutated virus, Coronavirus, and thirdly it is highly infectious and can infect many people through community transmission.
So, let’s know what rules we must follow to avoid getting infected with Coronavirus.
Practice Social Distancing
There’s a reason why the government opted for nationwide lockdown. Do not loiter outside and stay safe inside your home. If you go outside to shop for essentials, then maintain 6-feet distance from others. For home deliveries, make online payments and keep a tray outside your house so that you don’t come in direct contact with the delivery man.
Wear a mask and gloves
Do not step outside to make essential purchases or due to any medical emergency, without wearing a mask and preferably disposable gloves. We would recommend you to carry an alcohol-infused hand sanitizer in your bag or pocket.
Wash your hands
Do not forget to wash your hands properly as and when required.
Visit a healthcare facility if you develop flu symptoms
If you develop flu-like symptoms, then visit your nearest healthcare facility.
The lockdown is for your safety and not for restraining your freedom. ILS Hospitals, one of the best Hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala wishes you good health.
Coronavirus acquainted us with a new term, home quarantine. Being quarantined at home does not mean you can’t stay fit and healthy.
Today, ILS Hospitals, multispeciality hospital in Agartala and Kolkata, will share some ways through which you can stay physically fit if you cannot do outside activities or visit the gym.
Practice Yoga: Yoga is also a way to stay physically and mentally healthy. Practice Yoga poses or asanas at home regularly. All you need are a yoga mat and a sheer determination to stay fit.
Do non-equipment exercises: It’s better to do something than nothing. So do exercises that do not need any machines. If you already have a treadmill, exercise bike or swiss ball at home, feel free to use it during this period.
Do chair exercises: We all have chairs in our houses. Did you know there are versatile uses of a simple chair? Indulge yourself in chair exercises for a healthy body.
Do skipping: Skipping is not only reserved for children but adults can do it too. If you have a skipping rope at home, make the most of it.
Do stretching: Stretching is by far the easiest form of exercise. Stretching relaxes your muscles and improves your body posture. It does not require any additional equipment and benefits the body and mind just like any normal exercise.
Do household chores: Many Indian houses use hired help for their domestic work. During your time of home quarantine, give leaves to your maid and do the household chores on your own to stay active and healthy.
Resume dancing: If your hobby was dancing but due to shortage of time you could not invest enough time in it, well now is the right time. Dancing is also a form of exercise that makes you cheerful and keeps you in good shape.
Play games: Time to revive your childhood! If you have a big balcony or terrace, then play games, like kho kho, hide and seek, badminton, etc. It will not only make you happy but will also ensure that your body is getting the exercise it needs. Remember to follow social distancing and use gloves and mask while playing with other family members.
People are told to be home-quarantined for various reasons. Sometimes it might be to avoid the transmission of an epidemic or pandemic or sometimes due to any surgery, illness or injury. Being home-quarantined for several days can take a massive toll on your mental health as well.
Your mental health is as important as your physical well-being. So, ILS Hospitals will tell you some ways through which you can protect your mental health during the distressing time.
Let’s learn about them now.
Practice your hobby:
We all have hobbies that we cannot do many times because of our hectic daily schedules. Now’s the perfect time to indulge yourself in activities that you love the most. Read, write, cook, sing, paint, sew, knit, dance, play or do whatever you cherish the most indoor because doing what you enjoy and it has amazing effects on your brain.
Take good care of yourself:
If you’re healthy from inside, it will show on outside. Eat a healthy diet, drink plenty of water and get a good night sleep to take good care of your body and mind.
Organize your home:
An empty mind is the devil’s workshop. Do household chores and organize your home and garden to keep yourself occupied.
Learn something new:
The internal structure of our brain changes when it learns something new. You can watch informative documentaries online or on TV and can even learn a new art or craft by taking online lessons at home.
Communicate with people:
Humans are social beings so not being able to socially interact with others can hamper your mental health. If for some reasons, you are prohibited to go outside, make use of digital communication to connect with your loved ones.
Spend time with your family:
We often forget to spend quality time with our own family. To improve your mental well-being, talk to your family members about your concerns and be a good listener when they are doing the same.
Spend time with your pets:
Your pets are like your family members. They too deserve your love and affection. Pets are going to be your real stress-busters. Play with your pets and let them know how much they mean to you.
Health is indeed wealth. A person who takes good care of his or her health is always happy and healthy. On World Health Day, ILS Hospitals, the best hospital in Agartala and Kolkata will give you some simple and useful health tips so that you are always in fine fettle.
Let’s take a look at some useful health tips.
- Eat healthy food: How can good health start without eating nutritious food? You are what you eat so feed your body with nothing but healthy food. Every individual’s daily requirements are different as per their lifestyle and body. So consider visiting a dietitian to get your customised diet chart and say yes to good health.
- Keep your body perfectly hydrated: Our body is made up of 60% water. The human body needs water to perform essential bodily functions so being well-hydrated is a strict health-rule that everyone must follow. Since it’s summer season, apart from plain water, you can drink fruit-infused water, refreshing coconut water, fresh fruit juices and even consume fruits with high-water content (watermelon, cucumber, sweet lime, etc).
- Stay active: In our modern lifestyle, staying active has become really difficult. Still, you should try to take some time out of your sedentary lifestyle and devote half an hour for exercise or yoga regularly. Try to do household chores on your own to stay active and fit instead of hiring a domestic helper.
- Maintain good hygiene: Practicing good hygiene ensures that we stay away from deadly and disease-causing bacteria and viruses. Brush, have a proper bowel movement and take a bath daily. Always wear clean clothes and keep your surroundings clean. Wash your hands at all times with a good soap and water. Females should take extra hygiene measures during their monthly menstrual periods.
- Get 8 hours of sleep every night: Your body needs rest to renew itself. Take 8-9 hours of sleep every night to strengthen your immune system.
- Get an annual health check-up: If we do not get ourselves tested, we would never know what’s happening inside our bodies. Get annual health check-ups from an expert medical practitioner.
We hope you follow these basic health tips. If you need any sort of medical diagnosis and treatment, visit ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospital in Kolkata and Agartala.
Parenting a child is a tedious and demanding job but parenting a child with autism requires more skills and patience than ever.
ASD (Autism spectrum disorder) is not an easy concept to define. According to various psychiatrists, ASD is a developmental and neurological disorder that hampers the communication and social skills of the children. Autism is chronic and cannot be generally cured. But with multiple therapies, the child can live a normal life.
On World Autism Day, ILS Hospitals, one of the best hospitals in Kolkata and Agartala, will share ways through which you can help and support your autistic child to lead a normal life.
- Educate yourself about Autism: If you do not know what autism is all about, you will never be able to help your child at all. Read books on autism, research on the internet, meet with parents who have an autistic child and consult with a psychiatrist to get a reliable solution.
- Spend time with your child: Your autistic child might show signs of social withdrawal but he or she needs your time more than anything in this world. The needs of an autistic child are the same as other children, it’s just that they do not know how to express themselves.
- Involve your child in social activities: No matter how different and difficult your child is, he or she deserves to play and interact with others. Never hesitate to involve your autistic child in social gatherings and other social events. There’s nothing wrong with your child and he or she should be treated like any other normal child by everyone.
- Always be positive and patient: Sudden outbursts are a common phenomenon with autistic children. Patiently handle their tantrums and be positive about the situation as the child is not aware of the consequences.
- Respect your child’s boundaries: Do not force your child to do something they do not want to do. Respect them like you would respect any individual.
- Do not treat your child differently: If you have more than one child, then do not give the autistic child a different or special treatment than the others. Also, tell your other children to cooperate with their autistic sibling and never exclude him or her from their group.
- Give your love and support: Children seek affection and if they don’t receive them from their families they struggle with their self-esteem and self-expression. Love and support are going to be a soothing balm for your autistic child.
Hospitals in Agartala and Kolkata will always help you and your child in dealing with any medical issues. Do not hesitate to seek medical aid from our team.
Tuberculosis is a communicable disease caused by the bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria mostly affect the lungs (Pulmonary Tuberculosis) but can spread to other parts of the body, kidney, spine, brain, liver and so on.
Today, ILS Hospitals one of the best hospital in Kolkata and Agartala will give you detailed information regarding Tuberculosis.
The two main types of Tuberculosis are as follows:
1. Latent Tuberculosis:
It is a non-infectious, symptomless TB infection that can later progress into active TB. If you have latent TB you will require treatment to prevent it from becoming an active one.
2. Active Tuberculosis:
As the name suggests, it is an active and contagious TB infection that causes various symptoms in the patient.
Signs & Symptoms
The signs and symptoms of active TB infection are as follows:
Shortness of breath
Cough that lasts for more than 2 weeks
Weakness or Tiredness
Loss of appetite or Decreased appetite
Fever and Chills
Rapid weight loss
Lymph nodes or Swollen glands (mostly at the sides and base of the neck)
Haemoptysis or Coughing up blood.
Young children and people with weak immune system are at a higher risk of getting infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The causes of Tuberculosis are as follows:
Weak immune system
Breathing in the air infected by the person with TB infection
Chronic diseases, like diabetes and kidney diseases
The diagnostic tests involved with Tuberculosis are as mentioned below:
TB Blood test
TB Skin test, in which the laboratory technician injects a small amount of PPD tuberculin into the lower arm to check for swelling after two to three days
Chest X-ray, the most reliable diagnostic method
The treatment depends on whether you have active or latent TB.
1. Latent TB:
The main goal is to prevent the bacteria from becoming an active one. For that, you’ll be prescribed antibiotics as your TB treatment.
2. Active TB:
Drugs and medications for several months are recommended for treating active TB.
People diagnosed with Tuberculosis should complete their entire medication course to prevent TB bacteria from becoming drug-resistant.
Breast Cancer is a kind of cancer that develops in the breast cells. It can happen due to various factors, like gender (females are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer), obesity, ageing, exposure to radiation, previous breast conditions, alcohol consumption and genetics.
Dear ladies, ILS Hospitals, the best hospital in Kolkata would like to bring forward preventive measures for breast cancer. But before we tell you the preventive tips for breast cancer, let’s know the symptoms of the same.
Swelling in the breast or breasts
Rashes and redness in the breast/s
Changes in breast anatomy
Changes in the nipples’ appearance
Pain in the breasts
Feeling of lumps or nodes in the breasts
Discharge from nipples.
Now, it’s time to know how to prevent and lower your chances of developing breast cancer.
1. Maintain a healthy BMI:
Being overweight or obese (especially after menopause) puts you at more risk of developing breast cancer. Excessive fat issues increase the estrogen levels which in turn makes you vulnerable to breast cancer. To prevent breast cancer, keep a healthy body weight or BMI (18.5-24.9).
2. Control your alcohol consumption:
As we all know, alcohol consumption is injurious to health. Did you know, alcohol is also a culprit behind breast cancer? Alcohol not only raises your estrogen levels but also damages the DNA in cells causing cancer. Avoid consumption of alcohol or at least minimize it.
3. Do physical activities:
If you live an inactive lifestyle, you invite several health issues. It has been found that women who did physical activities regularly had a lower risk of breast cancer. So, ditch the sedentary lifestyle and engage yourself in physical activities.
4. Stop smoking:
Despite numerous warnings on the cigarette packets, people still smoke. Apart from lung cancer and other serious health conditions, smoking is also responsible for causing breast cancer. Ladies, if you have this harmful habit, get rid of it today to protect yourself from breast cancer.
5. Self-examine your breasts:
Regular breast self-exam (once a month) should be encouraged as it helps early diagnosis of any abnormality. To perform a breast self-exam, stand in front of the mirror and observe your breasts. Check for redness, swelling, change in size and nipple discharge. It is always best to learn this self-diagnostic method from an expert gynaecologist.
Every human being has two kidneys that perform functions, like the filtration of blood, formation of urine, maintenance of fluid balance, regulation of blood pressure and other vital functions.
Chronic Kidney Disease or CKD is on the rise in our country. A man can survive with one kidney but in case of both kidney failure, the treatment options left are dialysis and kidney transplant. Therefore, well-functioning kidneys are very important. On this World Kidney Day, ILS Hospitals will share things that you must do for healthy and happy kidneys. Let’s know them.
1. Keep yourself hydrated:
The secret for healthy kidneys is drinking sufficient water. Water helps to eliminate toxins and impurities from the kidneys. Drinking enough fluids will ensure that you do not develop kidney stones and other kidney disorders. You should always drink clean and purified water. Either purify water by boiling or invest in a water purifier for the same.
2. Consume a balanced diet:
We all know the importance of a balanced diet. A balanced diet is a diet which contains several vitamins and minerals from a variety of food groups. For healthy kidneys, eat the following foods:
Red bell peppers
You should strictly avoid these foods if you want to keep your kidneys healthy.
Fried and fatty foods.
3. Maintain a healthy weight:
Being overweight or obese can raise your blood pressure and blood sugar levels, thus further affecting the kidneys. Exercise and keep yourself fit for healthy kidneys.
4. Do not smoke:
Smoking increases the risk of kidney cancer. Quit this bad habit today.
5. Stop over consumption of alcohol:
Alcohol decreases the ability of kidneys to function properly. Reduce your alcohol intake to have good kidney health.
6. Do not overdose on OTC medications:
Frequent consumption of over-the-counter drugs can deteriorate your kidneys’ health. Do not take any medicines without the medical professional’s approval.
7. Get regular diagnoses:
To keep your kidneys healthy, you should keep your blood sugar and blood pressure at normal levels. Always get yourself tested from a trusted hospital. You can also choose our Renal Screening Health Package online.