Surgeries, of any nature, are complicated and require utmost care and precision. Especially, pre- and post-heart surgeries, everybody needs several weeks to heal itself. The post-care after surgery or ailment is equally valuable and should be a slow & progressive process. The gravity of post-cardiac surgery care must not be overlooked for faster recovery.
Cardiac surgery differs from general surgery, but general surgery hospitals might tell you about what to be avoided after heart surgery. Many general surgeons in Kolkata will guide you through post-cardiac surgery care.
Interventional cardiology is an advanced branch of cardiology that deals with non-invasive techniques to evaluate the functions of the heart and detect abnormalities. Some of the most common interventional cardiology procedures are as follows:
- Coronary catheterization
- Angioplasty and stenting
- Percutaneous Valve Repair
- Balloon Angioplasty
Keeping this in mind, we have compiled the complications and preventions of post-surgery conditions that will help you enjoy a healthy life.
Post-Cardiac Surgery Complications
Cardiac surgery is usually done if there is a blocked artery to the heart. As much as it is a matter of care before proceeding with the surgery, it is imperative to be vigilant after the surgery.
Following is the list of complications that might arise after the cardiac surgery-
1 – Chest Infection
After the surgery and anaesthesia, there is a possibility of chest infection in the patient. Depending on the severity, antibiotics and painkillers are used to subdue the infection.
2 – Heart Attack or Stroke
Generally, this may happen if you have a history of cardiac ailments and have undergone surgery. Post-surgery strokes can impact the recovery and will require extra care.
3 – Kidney Failure
In rare cases, the kidney stops functioning post-surgery. In most cases, kidney failure is temporary and is resolved by dialysis.
4 – Blood Clots
Post-surgery, blood clots may form in the body if the patient has a history of obesity, chain smoking, or immobility. Usually, the clots start from the legs and move to the lungs resulting in serious problems.
5 – Post-operative Bleeding
Cardiac surgery involves a lot of incisions and suturing. Sometimes, the bleeding continues after suturing, and fluctuations are observed in the blood pressure. Surgeons take necessary measures to normalize the condition of the patient.
6 – Other
Other complications include irregular heartbeat, chest pain, delirium, difficulty in breathing, insomnia, nausea, poor appetite, constipation, sore throat, and fatigue. But they go away with time.
1 – Incision Healing
Cardiac surgery includes a lot of incisions and suturing. Thus, post-surgery, avoid direct contact of water with the incision to mitigate any infection on the incision site.
2 – Stop Smoking
While recovering from heart surgery, it is crucial to keep smoking at bay to avoid further complications in the heart and lungs.
3 – Exercising
Any general surgeons in Kolkata will prescribe light exercise or climbing the stairs after cardiac surgery. But at the same time, faster recovery needs enough rest and sleep. Avoid over-exercising and over-sleeping.
4 – Mental Health
Post-surgery, the stress in mind means stress on the heart. Involve yourself in small activities and meditation to avoid stress, depression, anxiety, and anger while recovering. Living happily post-surgery expedites the recovery process.
5 – Eating Habits
Avoid eating oily and fried food. Eat healthy food or consult dieticians in the general surgery hospitals to enquire about post-surgery diet plans. Loss of appetite is common post-surgery but keeping a healthy diet plan balances your hunger.
At ILS Hospitals, we are well-equipped to administer pre-cardiac and post-cardiac surgery care. With the best surgeons’ team, we provide all the treatment and care needed to the patient after cardiac surgery.
Whether it be general surgery or Interventional cardiology like Angioplasty or Valvuloplasty, you need experienced and top cardiologists & surgeons. Even here, the post-surgery aftercare is imperative to recover to your daily routines. We at ILS Hospitals can assist you with clinical cardiology or even general surgery.
If you wish to know more about interventional and clinical cardiology, or other medical treatments in the hospitals, call ILS Care, +91 90514 60000 or visit https://www.ilshospitals.com/